|Eric XIV of Sweden
(given in the painting as King of the Swedes, the Goths and the Vandals)
On 29 June, 1561, Eric XIV was crowned king of Sweden. He was the eldest son of Gustav Vasa, a relatively minor nobleman who had risen to royal status during the Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark in the 1520s. His ascension to the throne cemented the transition of Sweden to a hereditary monarchy under the House of Vasa, which was a clear break from medieval Sweden’s elective monarchy.